Zardozi is an elaborate and intricate form of embroidery that originated in Persia during the Mughal Empire in the 17th century. The term “zardozi” is derived from two Persian words, “zar” meaning gold and “dozi” meaning embroidery.
Zardozi embroidery involves the use of metal wires, usually of gold or silver, to create designs on various fabrics such as silk, velvet, and satin. The metal wires are carefully coiled and stitched onto the fabric to create intricate patterns and designs, often with the addition of beads, pearls, and sequins.
During the Mughal era, zardozi embroidery was used to adorn the clothing and accessories of the royal court, including garments worn by the emperor himself. The art form was introduced to India by Persian artisans and soon became a popular form of embellishment in the country.
Zardozi embroidery continued to be popular during the British colonial period, and it was often used to adorn ceremonial garments and military uniforms. Today, zardozi embroidery is still widely practiced in India and other parts of South Asia, with artisans creating beautiful pieces for clothing, home decor, and accessories.