Zardozi and Chikankari: How are they distinct from each other?
Zardozi and Chikankari are two traditional embroidery techniques that originated in India. Here are the differences between the two:
- Technique: Zardozi is a metal embroidery technique that involves stitching gold or silver threads onto fabric to create intricate designs. Chikankari, on the other hand, is a white-on-white embroidery technique that uses white cotton threads on fine muslin or cotton fabric.
- Origin: Zardozi originated in Persia and was brought to India during the Mughal era. Chikankari originated in the Awadh region of India, which is present-day Uttar Pradesh.
- Design: Zardozi designs typically involve heavy embellishment and intricate patterns, while chikankari designs are more delicate and often feature floral or paisley motifs.
- Use: Zardozi embroidery is commonly used on formal and ceremonial clothing such as wedding outfits, sherwanis, and sarees. Chikankari embroidery is often used on casual and semi-formal wear such as kurtas, salwar suits, and dupattas.
- Materials: Zardozi embroidery involves the use of metal wires such as gold, silver, or copper, as well as beads, sequins, and pearls. Chikankari embroidery typically uses cotton threads, although silk threads may also be used.
In summary, while both zardozi and chikankari are traditional Indian embroidery techniques, they differ in their techniques, origin, designs, use, and materials.